How to Start Organic Farming in India

How to Start Organic Farming in India


Organic products are in high demand in India and globally as well. The demand for natural products brings a great opportunity for Organic Farming. In this type of farming, crops are grown without using any chemical or synthetic compounds, fertilizers, pesticides, etc. Organic farming uses only natural manure that comes from animals and plant waste. Natural manures make the soil more fertile.

Moreover, the process does not harm the environment and human health. Organic farming relies on the practices such as crop rotation, the use of animal wastes, and biofertilizers. Green manure and legumes. It also helps to maintain the productivity of soil and controls insects, weeds, and other pests. The improving technologies in agriculture are also helping organic farmers to generate income by organic farming.

Required Licenses for Organic Farming

Some required licensing for operating Organic Farming in India are:

  • 1.2.1 GST registration
  • 1.2.2 MSME registration
  • 1.2.3 NPOP certification for organic farming
  • 1.2.4 FSSAI registration, state, or central license

Welfare Programmes by the Indian Government

The Indian government has introduced various programs and policies to promote Organic Farming.

  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
  • Mission Organic Value Chain Development under for the North-eastern Region (MOVCDNER)
  • Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme (CISS) under Soil Health Management Scheme
  • National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)
  • National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

How to Start Organic Farming in India

These are some steps that should be taken before starting an organic farming business in India:

  • Create a business plan for Organic Farming

A business plan means the accumulation of the initial key knowledge about your organic farming operation. These include your goals and missions, your target market, your rivals, and your USP, as well as your management and financial plans.

  • Acquire an Organic Certification

After owning land for farming, it is the key step for beginning organic farming. It is one of the most important legal steps taken before starting organic farming.

  • Site selection for Organic Farming

The success of any venture depends on and is influenced by its location. In India, the success of Endeavor of organic farming mostly depends on the chosen farm location. Water is the main resource needed for organic farming. So, the location must be closer to the source of water.

  • Application of Fertilizers

The knowledge of applying organic fertilizers is needed before starting organic farming because they have some negative effects on the environment and health as well. So, it is recommended to use them in the correct amount.

  • Select the Appropriate Crops to Grow

It is necessary to choose the crops according to the favor of your location or area. Rather than choosing the crop which you like. You have to choose the crops according to the market research about the demand and needs of the consumers

  • Start your Market search

Before starting organic farming, you need to find your target consumers or buyers. Market research includes a firm understanding of your target market before you consider engaging in organic farming.

  • Look Over Your Organic Farm and Resources.

You must check the type of soil and water. Good quality resource arrangement is a vital need of organic farming. For better growth and success, you must gain knowledge about the available sources for farming.


Organic farming is an important part of sustainable agriculture. It helps to protect the environment, improve human health, and boost the economy. But some points are needed to be considered before starting Organic Farming in India. The government has also encouraged organic farming in India as it is beneficial for both environment and health. Licensing, regulations, and planning for every endeavor are needed just like Organic Farming.

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